Baby standing at window
Composition of breast milk

Vitamins and minerals

Lemon and minerals

Essential nutrients for development from conception to old age are described here. Focus lies on critical windows of development or life stages with changed needs – such as pregnancy and lactation, sometimes associated with certain pathologies. For infants, vitamin and mineral concentrations in mother's milk are commonly taken as guidance to determine a healthy infant's nutrient need. However, the high variation of human milk composition does not allow for a universal standard of target values; therefore science collects ranges of the various nutrients that were reported in different populations, countries, continents, climate and more.