Toddler girl reading a book
Downloads

Glossary

Explore short explanations on terms related to child health, nutrition in early life, and the composition of breast milk. Terms include nutrients, health and legal organisations, gastrointestinal disorders, as well as their abbreviations. We continuously work on this section; it is expanding rapidly. If you are looking for a certain term in vain, contact us at info@institute-naturscience.com and we will try to add it shortly.

0-9


2'-FL
2'-fucosyllactose
3'-FL
3'-fucosyllactose
3'-galactosyllactose
3'-GL
5-N-neuraminic acid

A


AAP
AAPSPGHAN
Academic Pediatric Association
Acute gastroenteritis
AGE
All trans retinol equivalent
Allergy
American Academy of Pediatrics
American Pediatric Society
Anaemia, iron deficiency
Anaemia, megaloblastic
Anti-regurgitation formula
AOS
APA
APS
AR
ARA
Arachidonic acid
Asthma
Atopic dermatitis (eczema)
Atopic disease
Atopy

B


B-Vitamins
Bifido shunt
Bifidobacterium
Bifidogenic
Bifidus factor
Breast milk (human)
Breast milk, expressed
Breast milk, purchased
Breast milk, shared
Breastfeeding (exclusive)
BSCFA

C


Ca2+
Calcium
CAPGAN
Carbohydrate, complex
Category, human milk oligosaccharides
CCNFSDI
CDC
Centers for disease control and prevention
Chelate
Children, young
Chorionic villus sampling
Cobalamin
Codex Committee on Nutrition and Food for Special Dietary uses
Coenzymes
Cofactor
Colic
Colic, Rule of three
Complementary feeding
Constipation, functional
Crossfeeding
CVS

D


Decoy effect
Decoy receptor
Dehydration
DHA
DHM
Diarrhoea / Diarrhea
Diarrhoea / Diarrhea, functional
Diarrhoea, acute
Dietary fibre
DiFL
Difucosyllactose
Divalent metal transport 1
DMT1
Docosahexaenoic acid
Donor human milk
Dysbiosis
Dysbiosis, microbial

E


E. coli
EBM
Eczema
Effect, prebiotic
EFSA
Eicosanoids
EMBA
Enteropathogenic E. coli
EPEC
Escherichia coli
ESPGHAN
European Food Safety Agency
European Human milk bank association
European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition
Exclusive breastfeeding
Expressed breast milk
Extensively hydrolysed formula

F


F-
Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability Scale
Fe2+
Fe3+
Feedback inhibitator of lactation
Feedback of lactation
Ferric ammonium citrate
Ferric iron
Ferritin
Ferroportin
Ferrous bisglycinate
Ferrous fumarate
Ferrous gluconate
Ferrous iron
Ferrous lactate
Ferrous salts
Ferrous succinate
Ferrous sulphate
FGID
FIL
FISPGHAN
FLACC pain scale
Fluoride
FOF
Folate
Folic acid
Follicle stimulating hormone
Food allergy
Food hypersensitivity
Food intolerance
Formula, anti-regurgitation
Formula, extensively hydrolysed
Formula, follow-on
Formula, free amino acid-based
Formula, partially hydrolysed
Formula, partially hydrolysed protein
Formula, young child
FPN-1
FSH
Fucosylated human milk oligosaccharides
Fucosyltransferase
Functional gastrointestinal disorders
Fussiness
Fussing

G


Galactogogues
Galega
Gangliosides
Gastro-oesophageal reflux
Gastroenteritis, acute
Gastroesophageal reflux
Gastrooesophageal reflux disease
GER
GERD
Germ layers
Ghrelin
Glycan
Glycine
GnRH
Gonadotrophin releasing hormone
GOR
GPGE
Growing up milk
GUM
Gynolactose

H


Haemoglobin
HMB
HMO
HMO, fucosylated
HMO, neutral, non-fucosylated
HMO, sialylated
Homocysteine
Human milk
Human milk bank
Human milk oligosaccharide
Human milk oligosaccharide category
Human milk oligosaccharide, fucosylated
Human milk oligosaccharide, neutral, non-fucosylated
Human milk oligosaccharide, sialylated
Human milk oligosaccharides, category
Hyc
Hypoallergenic
Hypogalactia

I


IBD
IBS
IDSA
Infant
Infants at high risk for developing allergy
Inflammatory bowel disease
International Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics
Irritable bowel syndrome
ISAPP

L


Lactamic acid
Lactation
Lacto-N-fucopentaose
Lacto-N-neotetraose
Lacto-N-tetraose
Lactobacillus
Lactose
LASPGHAN
LCPUFA
Le gene
Lea penta
Lewis blood group gene
Lewis negative
Lewis positive
LeX
Lex lactose
Lex penta
LH
Lipids, human milk
LNFP
LNnT
LNT
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids
Luteinising hormone

M


Milk groups
Milk sugar
Milk, own mother's
Milk, toddler
Molecule, helper
MOM
MOS
Mother's milk

N


NANA
NASPGHAN
NDC
Neu5Ac
Neuramidase
Neuraminic acid
Neutral human milk oligosaccharides
Non secretor
Non-fucosylated human milk oligosaccharides
Nonulosonic acid
Normobiosis
North American Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition
NulOs

O


Oligosaccharide
Oligosaccharides, acidic
Oligosaccharides, human milk
Oligosaccharides, human milk category
Oligosaccharides, milk
OMM
OS
Oxytocin

P


Parathyroid hormone related protein
Partially hydrolysed formula
PAS
PASPGHAN
Polysaccharide
Pre-formed Vitamin A
Prebiotic effect
Prebiotics
PrIR
Prolactin
PTHrP

R


RE
Receptor, prolactin
Reflux
Regurgitation
Retinol; all-trans
ROME Foundation
Rome IV
Rule of three

S


SCFA
Se gene
Secretor
Secretor gene
Short-chain fatty acids
Short-chain fatty acids, branched
Sia
Sialic acids
Sialidase
Sialome
Sialylated human milk oligosaccharides
Society for Pediatric Research
SPGHAN
SPR

T


Thiamine
Toddler milk

V


Vit A
Vitamin A
Vitamin A, preformed
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B12
Vitamin interdependency
Vomiting

W


WCPGHAN
Wessel's Criteria

Y


YCF