Dysbiosis, microbial

Dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiome is marked by a decrease in bacterial diversity and increased growth of specific bacterial strains. A microbial dysbiosis develops due to stress conditions and is affected by antibiotic treatment, the immune system and/or the diet. This imbalance can promote the development of diseases (Weiss & Hennet, 2017).

Microbial dysbiosis is thought to be involved in the development of infantile colic, characterised by a shift in the gut microbial composition of infants (Zeevenhooven et al., 2018).